Axial line – A line joining the two charges and passing through the centre of dipole is called its axial line. Equatorial line- A line passing through the centre of the dipole and perpendicular to the axial line is called equatorial line.
What is the relation between electric field on axial line and equatorial line when dipole is of very short length?
Explanation: The electric field at an axial point of the short dipole is →E1if the electric field at equatorial point of the same dipole is →E2, then which of the following is correct.
What is an axial line what is the relation for electric field intensity at the axial line of an electric dipole?
A line passing through the positive and negative charges of the dipole is called the axial line of the electric dipole. Consider a point P on the axial line of a dipole (situated in a vacuum) of length 2a at a distance r from the midpoint O. It is represented in magnitude and direction by −−→PR, P R → , i.e., −−→E2.
What is the direction of electric field on axial point and Equatorial point due to a dipole?
Answer: THE DIRECTION OF ELECTRIC FIELD IS IN THE SAME DIRECTION AS DIPOLE DIRECTION (FROM NEGATIVE CHARGE TO POSITIVE CHARGE) IN AXIAL POINT BUT IN EQUATORIAL THERE IS A ANGLE DIFFERENCE OF 180° BETWEEN DIPOLE DIRECTION AND EQUATORIAL POINT DIRECTION (FROM POSITIVE CHARGE TO NEGATIVE CHARGE).
What is the difference between axial and equatorial position?
The key difference between axial and equatorial position is that axial bonds are vertical while equatorial bonds are horizontal. … The bonds are positioned in axial and equatorial positions in order to minimize the angle strain.
What is the formula for electric field?
The electric field E is defined to be E=Fq E = F q , where F is the Coulomb or electrostatic force exerted on a small positive test charge q. E has units of N/C. The magnitude of the electric field E created by a point charge Q is E=k|Q|r2 E = k | Q | r 2 , where r is the distance from Q.
What is the equatorial line of electric dipole?
A line perpendicular to the axial line and passing through the midpoint of electric dipole is called its equatorial line. Consider a point P on the equatorial line of an electric dipole (situated in a vacuum) at a distance r from the midpoint O of the electric dipole of length 2a as shown in figure.
What is an equatorial line draw it for an electric dipole?
Answer: Derive an expression for electric potential at any point due to an electric dipole. Potential at point P due to the dipole along the equatorial line will be zero as P is equidistant from the two charges. Also r1 and r2 are distances of point P away from charges +q and -q respectively as shown in figure.
What is equatorial position in chemistry?
Equatorial: In cyclohexane, a bond which is perpendicular to the axis of the ring (i.e., the bond lies along the equator of the chair), or a group attached by such a bond.
What is the relation between direction of electric intensity in the two position of the electric dipole?
What is the direction of equatorial line?
For a point on the equatorial line of dipole, the direction of electric, field →E is along a line parallel to the axis of dipole directed opposite to the direction of dipole moment →P.
What is the direction of electric field at a point on equatorial line of an electric dipole?
The electric field at a point on equatorial line of a dipole and direction of the dipole moment. Will be parallel.
Which is more stable of the axial and equatorial bonds?
Axial and equatorial are types of bonds found in the ‘chair’ conformation of cyclohexane. The chair conformation of cyclohexane has to lowest totally energy and is, therefore, the most stable.
Why are equatorial bonds more stable than axial?
Substituents prefer equatorial rather than axial positions in order to minimize the steric strain created of 1,3-diaxial interactions. The more stable conformation will place the larger substituent in the equatorial position.