Which answer choice best explains why nuclear reactions release more energy than chemical reactions quizlet?

Which answer choice best explains why nuclear reactions release more energy than chemical reactions? The force that binds together protons and neutrons is stronger than the force that attracts and repels protons and electrons.

Which statement illustrates the difference between a chemical reaction and a nuclear reaction quizlet?

Which statement illustrates the difference between a chemical reaction and a nuclear reaction? A nuclear reaction releases more energy per gram and appears to violate the law of conservation of mass. A nuclear reaction releases less energy per gram and appears to violate the law of conservation of mass.

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Which of these statements explains the difference between nuclear binding energy in the strong nuclear force?

Which of these statements explains the difference between nuclear binding energy and the strong nuclear force? … Nuclear binding energy is the energy needed to separate nuclear particles. The strong nuclear force holds an atom’s protons and neutrons together. Nuclear binding energy can be calculated using E = mc2.

Which answer choice best explains why atoms of carbon 14 C 14 are unstable quizlet?

Which answer choice best explains why atoms of carbon-14 (C-14) are unstable? Atoms of C-14 have too many negatively charged electrons and too few positively charged protons. … When an isotope’s protons and neutrons come together to form a nuclide, a small amount of mass is converted to energy.

Which reaction most likely releases the greatest amount of energy?

By convention, the negative sign shows a release of energy. When an electron is added to a metal element, energy is needed to gain that electron (endothermic reaction). Metals have a less likely chance to gain electrons because it is easier to lose their valance electrons and form cations.

Why nuclear reactions release more energy than chemical reactions?

The protons and neutrons inside of the nucleus are held together by the strong nuclear force, which balances the repulsion of the Coulomb force between the protons. The weak force balances the number of neutrons and protons. … Unstable nuclei release energy, usually a lot more energy than a chemical reaction.

Which statement best illustrates the difference between a chemical reaction and a nuclear reaction?

Therefore, the statement that illustrates the difference between a chemical reaction and a nuclear reaction is a nuclear reaction releases more energy per gram and appears to violate the law of conservation of mass.

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How is the nuclear mass defect related to nuclear binding energy?

Nuclear binding energy is the energy required to split an atom’s nucleus into protons and neutrons. Mass defect is the difference between the predicted mass and the actual mass of an atom’s nucleus. The binding energy of a system can appear as extra mass, which accounts for this difference.

How does mass defect relate to nuclear binding energy quizlet?

How does mass defect relate to nuclear binding? Mass defect is the difference between the mass of an atom and the sum of the masses of its particles. The nuclear binding energy is the energy released when a nucleus is formed from nucleons. … more binding energy per nucleon creates a more stable nucleus.

What is the nuclear binding energy for oxygen 16?

123.7 MeV is the binding energy for a nucleus of oxygen-16.

Which best describes a chain reaction associated with a nuclear reaction quizlet?

Which best describes a chain reaction associated with a nuclear reaction? Neutrons released during a fission reaction cause other nuclei to split. … Disposal of radioactive waste is a major concern in nuclear power production.

Which best describes nuclear fission?

Which best describes nuclear fission? A nucleus spontaneously splits and absorbs energy. … Nuclei combine to form a heavier nucleus, releasing energy.

Which answer choice best explains why uranium 238 can be used in power plants to generate electricity nuclides of uranium 238 decay over time they r?

Nuclides of uranium-238 are extremely stable. They can absorb large amounts of energy without breaking apart, so they rarely need to be replaced. Because atoms of uranium-238 have many more electrons than protons, they release steady streams of electric current.

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What is a type of nuclear reaction that releases greater energy than an ordinary chemical reaction?

Themis process releases greater energy than an ordinary chemical reaction does. Name another type of nuclear reaction that releases greater energy than an ordinary chemical reaction. State one possible advantage of using nuclear power instead of burning fossil fuels. State one possible risk of using nuclear power.

Which nuclear decay emission consists of energy only?

Gamma radiation is a decay emission of pure energy.

Which statement best explains why mass is not conserved in a nuclear change ?( 1 point?

Mass in nuclear reactions is not strictly conserved due to this principle of mass and energy being quite similar. We know that nuclear reactions release a lot of energy. This energy, though, is actually mass that is lost from nucleons, converted into energy, and lost as the mass defect.