Geothermal power has the potential to provide reliable, cost-competitive, baseload power with a small carbon footprint, and reduces vulnerability to climate by diversifying power supply away from hydropower, which currently provides the majority of Kenya’s electricity.
What is the best location for geothermal energy?
The most active geothermal resources are usually found along major tectonic plate boundaries where most volcanoes are located. One of the most active geothermal areas in the world is called the Ring of Fire, which encircles the Pacific Ocean.
Why is geothermal energy location specific?
It is also described as “the most location-specific energy source known to man” due to its activity being along the tectonic plates of the earth’s crust. As such, it is limited to countries such as the aforementioned US and Iceland, alongside Kenya and Indonesia.
Where is geothermal energy in Kenya?
Geothermal resources in Kenya are located within the Rift Valley with an estimated potential of between 7,000 MW to 10,000 MW spread over 14 prospective sites.
Does Kenya have geothermal energy?
Already, Kenya relies on geothermal steam for 38% of its power – a greater proportion than any other nation. “When Olkaria VI is complete, it will be the largest single geothermal plant in the world,” according to Cyrus Karingithi, who leads infrastructure and resource development for Olkaria.
Why geothermal energy is the best?
Geothermal provides a reliable source of energy as compared to other renewable resources such as wind and solar power. This is because the resource is always available to be tapped into, unlike with wind or solar energy.
Why is geothermal energy good for the environment?
Geothermal power plants emit 97% less acid rain-causing sulfur compounds and about 99% less carbon dioxide than fossil fuel power plants of similar size. … This recycling helps to renew the geothermal resource and to reduce emissions from the geothermal power plants.
Why locating a specific area is very important in putting up a geothermal power plant?
You’re most likely to find one of these power plants in an area that has a lot of hot springs, geysers, or volcanic activity, because these are places where the Earth is particularly hot just below the surface. Hot water is pumped from deep underground through a well under high pressure.
Why are geothermal power plants built in areas near volcanoes?
A geothermal power plant is often located near a volcano because the geothermal energy from within the volcano can be harnessed to provide energy.
How effective is geothermal energy?
With a possibility of more than 400% efficiency and nearly zero emissions, it is not surprising that geothermal energy is considered one of the most efficient, cost effective, and environmentally friendly sources of energy. Geothermal energy is an effective, inexhaustible, and renewable resource.
How does Kenya use geothermal energy?
As geothermal plants create jobs and power Kenyan businesses, these operations can wield a direct influence on the fight against poverty. For instance, Oserian is one of the leading flower exporters in Kenya. Oserian relies on geothermal energy to heat greenhouses and sell 380 million flower stems each year.
How does Kenya produce geothermal energy?
To extract this energy, wells are drilled to tap steam and water at high temperatures (250-350oC) and pressures (600-1200 PSI) at depths of 1-3KM. For electricity generation, the steam is piped to a turbine, which rotates a generator to produce electrical energy.
How much geothermal energy does Kenya produce?
Kenya has pushed hard to harness its geothermal capabilities. It generated 45 megawatts of power with geothermal energy in 1985 and now generates about 630 megawatts; nearly 400 megawatts of that production has come online since 2014.
How much power does Kenya produce?
Kenya generates 9,633,800 MWh of electricity as of 2016 (covering 123% of its annual consumption needs).
Is geothermal energy renewable?
2. Why is geothermal energy a renewable resource? Answer: Because its source is the almost unlimited amount of heat generated by the Earth’s core. Even in geothermal areas dependent on a reservoir of hot water, the volume taken out can be reinjected, making it a sustainable energy source.
Does geothermal energy run out?
Myth: We could run out of geothermal energy
Geothermal energy is a renewable energy and will never deplete.