Stronger acids dissociate completely and produce more of the ions. For instance, hydrochloric acid, a strong acid, would dissociate more, and hence, conduct electricity more strongly, while acetic acid is a weak acid, and would conduct more weakly.
Why is a strong acid a good conductor of electricity?
A strong acid dissociates fully producing the maximum number of hydrogen ions and anions in solutions. … The more mobile ions there are in solution, the better the electrical conductivity of the solution.
Why do strong acids and bases conduct an electric current?
Complete answer: Both acids and bases exhibit the property of conducting electricity only when they are taken in aqueous solution in which they can completely ionize and generate free ions in the solution which are charge carriers and thus, conduct electricity.
Why do strong bases conduct electricity?
Explanation: Bases are also electrolytes which give ions in aqueous solutions and these ions help to conduct electricity. But better use Strong Base as it gives ions easily rather than weak base ; thus strong base conduct electricity easily than weaker base. Only if they’re in aqueous solution (i.e. ionized).
How does acid strength affect conductivity?
So you se that strongly acidic [or strongly basic] solution will have high conductivity Since the pH is a measure of the concentration of the Hydrogen [and the Hydroxyl] ions, for an acidic solutin, the lower the pH [i.e. the higher the H+ concentration,] the greater the conductivity will be.
Why is an acid a much better conductor of electricity than water?
Acidic and alkaline solutions can conduct electricity because they have ions that are free to carry charge. … The more concentrated an acid or alkali the better it conducts. When an alkali is diluted the concentration of OH – ions is decreased and the pH decreases towards 7.
Why are some acids stronger than others?
The bond strength of an acid generally depends on the size of the ‘A’ atom: the smaller the ‘A’ atom, the stronger the H-A bond. When going down a row in the Periodic Table (see figure below), the atoms get larger so the strength of the bonds get weaker, which means the acids get stronger.
Which acid solution would be better at conducting electricity?
Hydrochloric acid and sulphuric acid are the strong acids that completely dissociates in the aqueous solution. Since the solution contains more ions which move freely in the solution and help in passing electricity, hence we can say Hydrochloric acid and sulphuric acid are the best conductors of electricity.
Why do strong acids react faster?
A strong acid and a weak acid of the same concentration will react at different rates with the same metal. … The strong acid reacts faster and you see more bubbles of hydrogen. This is because the strong acid has more hydrogen ions in the solution even though it is at the same concentration as the weak acid.
How do strong acids carry an electric current?
Strong acids and salts are strong electrolytes because they completely ionize (dissociate or separate) in solution. The ions carry the electric charge through the solution thus creating an electric current.
Why are weak acids poor conductor of electricity?
Weak acids or bases only ionize partially when dissolved in water, so the concentrations of ions in a weak acid solution is low. This equilibrium “lies to the left” which means when the reaction reaches a steady state, there will be much more of the uncharged reactant (left hand) side than the charged product side.