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Thus, the angle between electric lines of force and equipotential surface is ${90^ circ }$.

## What is the angle between electric potential and electric field?

The angle between the electric field and the equipotential surface is always 90^{}. The equipotential surface is always perpendicular to the electric field.

## Why are electric field lines always at 90 degrees to equipotential lines?

Since the electric field lines point radially away from the charge, they are perpendicular to the equipotential lines. … The potential is the same along each equipotential line, meaning that no work is required to move a charge anywhere along one of those lines.

## What is electric potential and electric field lines?

The electric field is a measure of force per unit charge; the electric potential is a measure of energy per unit charge. … Potential is a property of the field that describes the action of the field upon an object.

## Why is angle between electric field and equipotential surface?

This is because the electric field is defined as the (negative) gradient of the electrostatic potential, which means that the only electric field is allowed at a point on an equipotential must be perpendicular to the equipotential surface, otherwise it would have a non-zero component along the surface.

## What is the angle between the electric?

On equatorial line, the direction of electric field is reversed to that of angle of axial line. Therefore, the angle between dipole moment and electric field is 180°.

## What is the angle between the area of vector and electric field?

magnitude of 1 when , the angle between the area vector and the magnetic field, is either 0° or 180°. In other words, the area vector must be parallel to the magnetic field, which is the case when the plane of the paper is perpendicular to the magnetic field.

## What is the relationship between equipotential lines and electric field lines?

Equipotential lines are lines connecting points of the same electric potential. All electric field lines cross all equipotential lines perpendicularly.

## What is the relationship of equipotential lines or surfaces to the electric field lines What angle do they form?

Equipotential lines are always perpendicular to the electric field. In three dimensions, the lines form equipotential surfaces. Movement along an equipotential surface requires no work because such movement is always perpendicular to the electric field.

## Why do field lines start and end on conductor?

The electric field lines either begin or end upon a charge and in the case of a conductor, the charge exists solely upon its outer surface. The lines extend from this surface outward, not inward. This of course presumes that our conductor does not surround a region of space where there was another charge.

## What is the relationship between the electric field E and the electric potential V between the plates of the capacitors?

Electric field strength

In a simple parallel-plate capacitor, a voltage applied between two conductive plates creates a uniform electric field between those plates. The electric field strength in a capacitor is directly proportional to the voltage applied and inversely proportional to the distance between the plates.

## What is the relationship between electric field intensity and electric potential?

The relation is very simple. Electric field intensity is equal to the negative of rate of change of potential with respet to the distance or it can be defined as the negative of the rate of derivative of potential difference, V with respect to r, E = – dV/dr.

## What is the difference between electric potential and electric potential difference?

Electric Potential is the work done per unit charge in order to bring the charge from infinity to a point in electric field while Electric potential difference is the Potential developed while moving a charge from one point to another in the field itself.

## What is the angle between electric field lines at a point and surface of a conductor?

Thus, the angle between electric lines of force and equipotential surface is ${90^ circ }$. Hence, option (C) is the correct answer.

## What is the angle between electric field and dipole moment at an axial point?

Hence, the angle between electric field strength and electric dipole moment is 180∘.

## What is the angle between the direction of electric field at an axial point?

The angle between the direction of electric field at any axial point and equatorial point due an electric dipole is 180∘.