In order to make sense of the Code, you must first understand basic electrical concepts such as voltage, amperage, resistance, Ohm’s law, wattage, circuit theory and others. … An obvious foundation for all electrical installations is a thorough knowledge of the laws that govern the operation of electricity.
What are the basics of electrical?
The three most basic components of electricity are voltage, current, and resistance.
- VOLTAGE is like the pressure that pushes water through the hose. It is measured in volts (V).
- CURRENT is like the diameter of the hose. …
- RESISTANCE is like sand in the hose that slows down the water flow.
What are the basic electrical Questions?
Basic Electrical interview Questions & Answers paper-1
- What is electricity ? …
- What are the types of electricity ? …
- What is static electricity ? …
- What is current electricity ? …
- What are the types of current electricity ? …
- What are the different methods of producing electricity ? …
- What are the sources of electricity ?
What is AC and DC?
Alternating Current (AC) is a type of electrical current, in which the direction of the flow of electrons switches back and forth at regular intervals or cycles. … Direct current (DC) is electrical current which flows consistently in one direction.
What are the 3 types of power supply?
There are three major kinds of power supplies: unregulated (also called brute force), linear regulated, and switching. The fourth type of power supply circuit called the ripple-regulated, is a hybrid between the “brute force” and “switching” designs, and merits a subsection to itself.
What are types of electricity?
Types of Electricity – Modern Methods. There are two types of Electricity, Static Electricity and Current Electricity. Static Electricity is made by rubbing together two or more objects and making friction while Current electricity is the flow of electric charge across an electrical field.
Why do we use 3 phase?
A three-phase circuit provides greater power density than a one-phase circuit at the same amperage, keeping wiring size and costs lower. In addition, three-phase power makes it easier to balance loads, minimizing harmonic currents and the need for large neutral wires.
What is the power factor?
Power factor (PF) is the ratio of working power, measured in kilowatts (kW), to apparent power, measured in kilovolt amperes (kVA). … It is found by multiplying (kVA = V x A). The result is expressed as kVA units. PF expresses the ratio of true power used in a circuit to the apparent power delivered to the circuit.
Is a battery AC or DC?
All batteries, including the lithium-ion batteries powering everything from electric vehicles to drones to computers, operate with direct current (DC). A majority of appliances rely on AC, or alternating-current, power sources.
What is single phase and three phase?
In electricity, the phase refers to the distribution of a load. What is the difference between single-phase and three-phase power supplies? Single-phase power is a two-wire alternating current (ac) power circuit. … Three-phase power is a three-wire ac power circuit with each phase ac signal 120 electrical degrees apart.
Who invented DC?
Edison developed direct current — current that runs continually in a single direction, like in a battery or a fuel cell. During the early years of electricity, direct current (shorthanded as DC) was the standard in the U.S. But there was one problem. Direct current is not easily converted to higher or lower voltages.
What is AC DC power?
An AC-DC power supply or adapter is an electrical device that obtains electricity from a grid-based power supply and converts it into a different current, frequency, and voltage. AC-DC power supplies are necessary to provide the right power that an electrical component needs.
What is the range of DC voltage?
Most commonly available DC-DC converters are therefore designed for a 2:1 input voltage of 36 to 72 V, or sometimes 36 to 75 V. In some applications, particularly in cell sites, the DC power system has a nominal voltage of 24 V rather than 48 V.