Your question: At what position is the electric dipole?

For the simple electric dipole, the electric dipole moment points from the negative charge towards the positive charge, and has a magnitude equal to the strength of each charge times the separation between the charges.

What is the position of an electric dipole?

Potential energy of an electric dipole is maximum when it makes 180 degree with electric field and minimum when angle between them is zero degree .

At what position the electric dipole is most stable?

The dipole is in constant equilibrium if θ = 0. A dipole in stable equilibrium, when Electric filed and dipole moment are perpendicular to each other i.e. the angle between them is zero degrees and torque will be maximum.

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For what position of an electric dipole in a uniform electric field its potential energy is maximum?

The potential energy is maximum when the dipole is aligned anti-parallel (θ = π) to the external electric field and minimum when the dipole is aligned parallel (θ = 0) to the external electric field.

At what position is the electric dipole in uniform electric field in its I most stable position and II unstable equilibrium?

A dipole placed in a uniform electric filed is in Stable equilibrium when the electric field is directed along the direction of the dipole i.e., when is parallel to. Unstable equilibrium when the electric filed is directed at an angle of 180 degrees with the direction of the dipole, i.e., when is anti-parallel to.

What is the direction of electric dipole moment?

The electric dipole moment, a vector, is directed along the line from negative charge toward positive charge. Dipole moments tend to point along the direction of the surrounding electric field.

What is electric dipole Class 12?

The electric dipole is a pair of two equal and opposite charges, +q and −q are separated by a very small distance. … The electric dipole moment of the electric dipole is defined as the product of the magnitude of one of the charges of the dipole and the separation distance between them.

Which orientation is a dipole?

-The dipole is in unstable equilibrium when it is oriented anti-parallel to the electric field (i.e. the angle between the dipole moment and the electric field is 180∘). Note: Assume that a dipole is formed by two charges, –q at A and +q at B, separated by a distance r.

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What is the direction of electric field?

Electric field is a vector quantity whose direction is defined as the direction that a positive test charge would be pushed when placed in the field. Thus, the electric field direction about a positive source charge is always directed away from the positive source.

What is stable equilibrium of a dipole?

Note: Stable equilibrium means the lowest potential energy at the equilibrium point. Therefore the stable equilibrium the torque should be zero and the potential energy of the dipole should be minimum. Whereas the unstable equilibrium torque will be zero and the potential energy should be maximum or positive.

When dipole placed in electric field which position dipole has maximum potential energy?

When the angle between the dipole moment and electric field is 180° then the potential energy of electric dipole is maximum.

For what orientation of electric dipole in uniform electric field is potential energy of dipole is greatest and least?

The potential energy is lowest when the dipole is aligned with E and highest if it is anti-aligned. If the field is not uniform, then the magnitude of the electric force acting on the positive charge can be different from that acting on the negative charge, and there can be a net force acting on the dipole.

When an electric dipole is placed in a uniform electric field with its dipole moment parallel to the field it will experience?

Electric dipole in a uniform electric field

An electric dipole placed in a uniform electric field experiences a torque that aligns the dipole parallel to the direction of the electric field with zero net force.

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