What is electric dipole in simple words?

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An electric dipole deals with the separation of the positive and negative charges found in any electromagnetic system. A simple example of this system is a pair of electric charges of equal magnitude but opposite sign separated by some typically small distance. (A permanent electric dipole is called an electret.)

What is an electric dipole short answer?

An electric dipole is defined as a couple of opposite charges q and –q separated by a distance d. … The simplest example of an electric dipole is a pair of electric charges of two opposite signs and equal magnitude separated by distance.

What is electric dipole?

An electric dipole is a pair of equal and opposite charges separated by a considerably short distance. In an electric dipole, the magnitude of both the charges will be the same, we can not consider a pair of two charges with different magnitudes.

What is a dipole in simple terms?

1 : a pair of equal and opposite electric charges or magnetic poles of opposite sign separated by a small distance. 2 : a body or system (as a molecule) having such charges.

What is a dipole for kids?

A dipole (Greek: dyo = two and polos = pivot) is a pair of electric charges or magnetic poles of equal magnitude but opposite polarity (opposite electronic charges), separated by some (usually small) distance.

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What is electric dipole field Class 12?

Class 12 Physics Electric Charges Fields. Electric Dipole. Electric Dipole. An electric dipole is a pair of equal and opposite point charges q and –q, separated by a distance of 2a. Direction from –q to q is the direction of the dipole.

What is electric dipole moment explain?

The electric dipole moment is a measure of the separation of positive and negative electrical charges within a system, that is, a measure of the system’s overall polarity.

What is a dipole in physics?

A dipole is a separation of opposite electrical charges. A dipole is quantified by its dipole moment (μ). … The dipole moment is a vector quantity that has both magnitude and direction. The direction of an electric dipole moment points from the negative charge toward the positive charge.

What is dipole Class 11?

A dipole moment arises in any system in which there is a separation of charge. … Dipole moments occur due to the difference in electronegativity between two chemically bonded atoms. A bond dipole moment is a measure of the polarity of a chemical bond between two atoms in a molecule.

What is a dipole in Chem?

dipole: In chemistry, a permanent dipole describes the partial charge separation that can occur within a molecule along the bond that forms between two different atoms. Dipoles generally occur between two nonmetals that share electrons as part of their bond.

What is the formula of electric dipole?

An electric dipole is formed by two point charges +q and −q connected by a vector a. The electric dipole moment is defined as p = qa .