What are the 5 main parts of a nuclear reactor?
Components of a Reactor
Any nuclear reactor that produces power via the fission of uranium (U-235) or plutonium (Pu-239) by bombardment with neutrons must have at least five components: nuclear fuel consisting of fissionable material, a nuclear moderator, reactor coolant, control rods, and a shield/containment system.
What are the main components of a nuclear reactor and what do they do?
The core of the reactor contains all of the nuclear fuel and generates all of the heat. It contains low-enriched uranium (<5% U-235), control systems, and structural materials. The core can contain hundreds of thousands of individual fuel pins.
What are the 3 main parts of a nuclear power plant?
The different components of a nuclear reactor are described below.
- The fuel. The elements that undergo the fission are generally uranium (U) or plutonium (Pu). …
- The control rods. …
- The moderator. …
- The coolant.
What is the structure of a nuclear reactor?
Nuclear Fission Creates Heat
Reactors use uranium for nuclear fuel. The uranium is processed into small ceramic pellets and stacked together into sealed metal tubes called fuel rods. Typically more than 200 of these rods are bundled together to form a fuel assembly.
What are the main parts of a nuclear power plant?
What are the different components of a nuclear power plant?
- Pressurizer. A component of the primary cooling circuit where the liquid and vapor stages are balanced in conditions of saturation, so as to control the pressure.
- Reactor vessel. …
- Fuel. …
- Control rods. …
- Vapor generators. …
- Containment building. …
- Turbine. …
What is nuclear reactor Class 10?
A nuclear reactor is the most important part of a nuclear power plant. It is where the nuclear chain reactions occur that produce energy by fission. The heat thus produced can be used to produce electricity. The main purpose of a reactor is to contain and control the energy released.
What are the components of thermal power plant?
Components of Thermal Power Plant & Working Explanation
- Fuel storage and handling plant.
- Water Treatment Plant.
- Steam Boiler.
What are the components of a power plant?
The main parts of Thermal Power Plant:
- River or Canal.
- Circulating Water Pump.
What is Nuclear Power Plant in detail?
A nuclear power plant (sometimes abbreviated as NPP) is a thermal power station in which the heat source is a nuclear reactor. As is typical of thermal power stations, heat is used to generate steam that drives a steam turbine connected to a generator that produces electricity.
What is Nuclear Reactor Class 12?
Class 12 Physics Nuclei. Nuclear Reactor. Nuclear Reactor. Nuclear reactors are useful in producing electricity. A nuclear reactor is an arrangement to generate electricity whichmakes use of nuclear fission.
What are the types of thermal power plant?
Types of Thermal Power Generation
- Steam power generation.
- Combined cycle power generation.
- Gas turbine power generation.
What are the components of diesel power plant?
The diesel power plant essentially consists of the following components:
- Air filter and supercharger.
- Exhaust system.
- Fuel system.
- Cooling system.
- Lubricating system.
- Starting system.
- Governing system.